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Typography glossary




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· Bale (bala). 10 reams.

· Base line (línea base). Imaginary line upon which a line of text rests.

· Boustrophedon (bustrofedon). Writing with alternating tines written in opposite directions; one line is written from left to right, then the next line's letters are reversed, written from right to left.

· Bullet (topo, boliche). A typeset character (a large dot or symbol) used to itemize lists or direct attention to the beginning of a line.

· Caption (pie). explanatory text about specific published pictures.

· Codex (códice). A book of paper or parchment leaves bound with boards; distinct from the ancient volume in scroll form.

· Collation, collate (compaginar). Putting the pages in proper order.

· Column rule (corondel). A line used between two columns of type.

· Cursive (cursiva, itálica, bastardilla). First used in the 16th century, these typefaces imitate handwriting. Script letters and cursive typefaces appear to be drawn with pen and ink.

· Diaeresis (crema, diéresis). Mark used for any other purpose such as to indicate that a special pronunciation is appropriate to a particular vowel.

· Dingbats. Small decorative marks, bullets, or symbols that usually make up a specialty face.

· Dropcap (capitular). An oversized capital letter used at the start of a paragraph. Drop caps occupy two or more lines of body copy, usually introduced for design emphasis.

· Dummy, fake (maqueta). Unbound book.

· E-book. Electronic book.

· Galley proof (galerada). Preliminary versions of publications meant for review by authors, editors, and proofreaders.

· Gutter (medianil). White space formed by the inner margins on two facing pages or text blocks.

· Head (cabeza). Lines of text introducing an article or sub-section

· Imposition (imposición). Putting pages in order for printing.

· Incunable, incunabulum (incunable). Book, pamphlet or broadside that was printed (not handwritten) before the year 1501 in Europe.

· Indenting (sangrar). To set (the first line of a paragraph, for example) in from the margin.

· Italic (itálica, cursiva). A style of slanted type.

· Justification (justificar). Text alignment.

· Justified (justificado). Text that is aligned at both the left and right margins.

· Kerning. The adjustment of space between pairs of letters.

· Left justified, flush left (bandera de salida, bandera a la izquierda). Type that is aligned with its left margin. This text is left justified.

· Line spacing (regleteado, interlineado). The amount of vertical spacing, expressed in points, from the baseline of one line of text, to the baseline of the next line.

· Lower case, minuscules (Caja baja). Small letter.

· Roman (redonda). In Macintosh font menus, this is called Plain meaning text that has no style applied to it (i.e., Italic, Bold, Boldltalic). Roman fonts are upright thick-and-thin weighted, and usually serifed type. The classical Roman letter style began in A.D. 114 with letters chiseled in the stone of the Trajan Columns in Rome.

· Margin (margen). Space around the edges of a page outside the printed or written matter. The four margins are commonly designated as: head or top margin; tail, lower, or bottom margin; fore edge, outer or outside margin; and back, inner, inside, or gutter margin.

· Ornamental line (filete). Horizontal line.

· Orphan (huérfana). A single line or word of a paragraph at the top of a page or column.

· PostScrypt (postscript). Adobe System's page description language. Programs like Macromedia FreeHand and Adobe Illustrator use PostScript to create complex pages, text, and graphics onscreen. This language is then sent to the printer to produce high quality printed text and graphics.

· Point (punto). 0.367 mm. A unit of measurement, often used to measure type size, equal to 0.013837 inch (approximately equal to 1/72"). The traditional point measurement was slightly more or less than 72 points to the inch (depending on the typesetting measurement system).

· Printer´s cabinet (chivalete)

· Proofreading (corrección de textos). Reading of a galley proof or computer monitor to detect and correct production-errors of text or art.

· Pica (cícero, pica). Unit of measurement equal to one-sixth of an inch. There are 12 points to a pica. A typographic measurement that has survived the digital revolution. 12 points = 1 pica; 6 picas = 1 inch; 72 points = 1 inch.

· Reverse type (contratipo). White characters on a dark background. A good way to grab the reader's attention.

· Recto (recto). The right page of a spread. Always odd.

· Slant. Angle of a font's characters, which can be italic or roman (no slant).

· Ream (resma). 500 sheets of paper.

· Stet. Proofreader mark that means 'let it stand' used to direct retention of a word or passage previously ordered to be deleted or omitted from a manuscript or printer's proof by annotating usually with the word 'stet'.

· Type (tipo). Printed or typewritten letters or characters. As early as AD 400, the Chinese printed entire pages of characters through the use of wooden blocks. Johann Gutenberg cast the first metal type in the 15th century.

· Right justified, flush right (bandera de entrada, bandera a la derecha). Type aligned with its right margin.

· Small caps (versal). Capital or uppercase letters that are a smaller size than regular capitals in a given font.

· Subscript. Number or letter that appears smaller than the normal type slightly set below it.

· Superscript (volado). Number or letter that appears smaller than the normal type slightly set above it..

· Text (caja). The main body of words or copy in any type of documents (also called body, copy, body copy).

· Tracking (cran). The overall letterspacing in text. Tracking can also be used to tighten or loosen a block of type.

· Type size (cuerpo). The measure of a type's height in points usually measured in points.

· Untrimmed (intonso). A book that has not had its edges cut smooth in the guillotine, plow, or three-knife trimmer.

· Upper case, majuscules (caja alta). Capital letter.

· Verso (verso). The left hand page on a spread. Always even.

· Weight (gramaje). Weight of paper per square meter.

· Widow line (viuda). A single line of a paragraph at the bottom of a page or column.